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EV charging—everything you need to know

The electric vehicle (EV) industry continues to thrive despite recent claims of its decline. In Canada, zero-emission vehicle (ZEV) sales surged by 48.9% in 2023, indicating sustained interest. While EV sales have slowed, this was expected after initial fervor, and dealerships now offer test drives to potential buyers. As well as guides on EV charging.

Understanding EV charging is crucial. Alternating current (AC) and direct current (DC) charging differ in flow direction, with DC being faster and preferred for EVs. Charging levels range from Level 1 (slow) to Level 3 (fast), with Level 4 being rare and exclusive to specific EVs. The North American Charging Standard (NACS) is poised to replace the Combined Charging System (CCS), offering lighter, more reliable charging.

Charging times vary based on battery size and charger type. Regular outlets provide slow charging, while Level 3 chargers offer rapid boosts. However, charging to 100% regularly can harm battery longevity, except for plug-in hybrids (PHEVs).

Installing a Level 2 charger at home is beneficial for EV owners, with rebates available in Canada. Licensed electricians typically handle installations. EV batteries generally last 15-20 years, with degradation over time. Recycling options exist for old batteries, repurposing them for energy storage.

EV batteries contain lithium, nickel, cobalt, manganese, and graphite, with efforts to reduce cobalt due to environmental concerns. Battery replacement costs vary but typically range from $5,000 to $20,000, covered under manufacturer warranties.

Overall, the EV industry remains resilient, with advancements in technology and infrastructure supporting its growth despite temporary fluctuations in sales.


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